A marvel of modernism: St. Pau Hospital (reedited in English)
The Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, popularly known in Barcelona as Hospital de Sant Pau, is a
Link en español: El Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau,
set of modernist buildings created in the early twentieth century to house a large hospital, self-sufficient and very advanced for its time complex.
For its floor area this is one of the largest complexes built under this style, occupying nine blocks in the Eixample district.
In 1997 UNESCO proclaimed a World Heritage Site.
This architectural gem was created in 1902 by the famous Catalan architect Lluis Domenech i Montaner, author also of the Palau de la Música. It is considered one of his best works.
The design of the hospital complex, Domenech i Montaner chose to raise various hospital wards for different medical specialties, interconnected through a mile of underground galleries. An isolated and independent exhibition in Barcelona, a city garden framed in a human, modern and functional hospital model, at the same time it was aesthetically beautiful. According to this philosophy, she had 145 m2 space per patient, including garden areas.
Domenech i Montaner had several collaborations with artists from various genres. The main ones were Pau Gargallo and Eusebi Arnau with numerous sculptures is around and within the precincts, Francesc Labarta who designed the paintings and mosaics, and Josep Perpignan who handled the wrought iron.
All buildings are built of stone and / or brick exposed brick, ceramics as a typical decoration of Catalan modernism, fences, wrought iron and has details of the same material and sculptures of all kinds for the various pavilions that up.
It consists of a main building dedicated to administration and 27 pavilions where the medical tasks, which are connected by underground passages, suitable for the transfer of patients were developed.
Its location is especially strategic as its main entrance comes Avinguda Gaudi artery linking the great work of Domenech i Montaner with the Sagrada Familia, the student surpassed the most significant building of Antoni Gaudí, while for many years has overshadowed the teacher.
Originally, the Sant Pau Hospital was founded in 1401 following the merger of the six hospitals that existed at that time in Barcelona. The Hospital of the Holy Cross, as it was called at the time, was within the city walls, in the present district of Raval, one of the most significant buildings of Catalan Gothic, after famines and plague that occurred in the late fourteenth century.
At the end of the nineteenth century, the great growth of Barcelona and the great advances in medicine, made his service became obsolete. For this reason and thanks to the legacy of Pau Gil, a wealthy Catalan banker, living in Paris, he was able to finance and lay the foundation stone in 1902. Its opening would not come until 1930.
After eight decades of beneficial health activity in the service of the city and of Catalonia, the modernist buildings had reached the end of its useful life, due to the increase in the demand and structural damage to buildings.
After a complex restoration began in 2009, the Hospital de Sant Pau has recovered all its splendor in the renovated modernist architectural largest in Europe. An effort that has mobilized more than 30 teams of architects and specialists. From March 2014, it is possible to visit the exhibition.
In autumn 2009, the Healthcare activity moved to a modern building in the northeast of the old hospital grounds.